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Types of Skin Tone

The dermal layer of skin is responsible for skin strength and flexibility. Due to intrinsic factors such as aging and extrinsic factors like sun exposure and smoking, the dermis begins to change. Not only does the dermis thin, but the collagen and elastin fibers network begins to loosen and unravel which can cause the skin to lose both its elasticity and ability to retain moisture.

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Factors that Influence Soft, Smooth Skin

Genetics, the weather, type of facial cleanser, and exposure to the environment influence the skin’s surface. Aging also changes one’s skin significantly as body’s systems begin to slow and become less efficient.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css=”.vc_custom_1441249854351{margin-top: -40px !important;}”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/3″][vc_separator][vc_column_text]


[/vc_column_text][vc_single_image image=”1580″ img_size=”367×326″ alignment=”” img_link_large=”yes” css=”.vc_custom_1442288305320{margin-top: -15px !important;}”][vc_column_text]With aging inevitably comes the development of wrinkles. Wrinkles can appear anywhere on the body but are most evident on the face and hands. Aging causes elastin fibers in the skin to loosen, which contributes to sagging, wrinkly skin.[/vc_column_text][vc_empty_space height=”23px”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/3″][vc_separator][vc_column_text]

Dry Skin

[/vc_column_text][vc_single_image image=”1574″ img_size=”367×326″ alignment=”” img_link_large=”yes” css=”.vc_custom_1442288345871{margin-top: -15px !important;}”][vc_column_text]Aside from genetics, dry skin results from the body’s oil-secreting glands becoming less efficient and the skin’s ability to retain moisture becomes significantly reduced over time. Furthermore, UV rays from the sun causes damage beyond the surface and depletes the natural oils of the skin.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/3″][vc_separator][vc_column_text]

Oily Skin

[/vc_column_text][vc_single_image image=”1576″ img_size=”367×326″ alignment=”” img_link_large=”yes” css=”.vc_custom_1442288362620{margin-top: -15px !important;}”][vc_column_text]Excess oil may come from oversized sebaceous glands due to genetics, but other factors such as an overuse of skin care products, stress, and certain medications can induce excess production of oil.[/vc_column_text][vc_empty_space height=”46px”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_separator][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/3″][vc_single_image image=”1579″ img_size=”400×500″ alignment=”center”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]

What Can Cause Soft, Smooth Skin to Change?

Although one’s skin texture is based primarily on genetics, the texture can vary throughout one’s lifetime based on multiple factors:

• Sun Exposure
• Overuse of skin care products
• Types of skin care products
• Stress
• Smoking[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_separator][vc_column_text]

Skin Tone

Uneven skin tones may develop overtime if the skin is not properly cared for. Skin tone unevenness may appear as two types, hyper- or hypo- pigmentation (an excess or lack of melanin respectively). Common conditions related to uneven skin tones include:

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Age Spots

[/vc_column_text][vc_single_image image=”1573″ img_size=”367×326″ img_link_large=”yes” css=”.vc_custom_1442288946764{margin-top: -15px !important;}”][vc_column_text]Flat tan-brown spots that appear on areas of the body most commonly exposed to the sun are known as age spots. These spots vary in size and normally appear in older people, giving its name. However, overexposure to the sun may result in these spots developing at any age (1).[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/3″][vc_separator][vc_column_text]


[/vc_column_text][vc_single_image image=”1575″ img_size=”367×326″ img_link_large=”yes” css=”.vc_custom_1442288969980{margin-top: -15px !important;}”][vc_column_text]Melasma is a form of skin hyperpigmentation (excess of pigmentation) that often occur in women, forming commonly in the facial area. Although the exact cause is unknown, pregnancy, contraceptives, and excessive sun exposure are said to be the main factors (2).[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/3″][vc_column_text]

Why Does Your Skin Tone Change?

Pigment in skin largely comes from melanin produced by melanocytes in the epidermis (3) and factors such as sun exposure, medications, and genetics contribute to alterations in skin tones. These factors lead to either overactive melanocytes resulting in hyperpigmentation, or under active melanocytes that result in hypopigmentation.[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner css=”.vc_custom_1443973465894{padding-bottom: 5px !important;}”][vc_column_inner width=”1/3″][vc_single_image image=”1578″ img_size=”400×500″][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]Natural process of aging
The skin acts as the barrier between the body and environment and an accumulation of damage over many years will naturally result in skin tone changes.

Sun Exposure
UV rays from the sun has many potential effects against the body and absorbing the rays is skin’s way of protecting the body. As the skin absorbs the rays, the melanocytes become overactive, accelerating the production of melanin (3).

Drug induced pigmentation
Certain ingredients in some drugs have the potential to prompt pigment alterations as a side effect.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_separator][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]

Literature Cited:

[1] Age spots (liver spots). (n.d.). Retrieved August 25, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/age-spots/basics/definition/con-20030473

[2] Fabbrocini, G., De Vita, V., Fardella, N., Pastore, F., Annunziata, M. C., Mauriello, M. C., … Cameli, N. (2011). Skin Needling to Enhance Depigmenting Serum Penetration in the Treatment of Melasma. Plastic Surgery International,2011, 158241. doi:10.1155/2011/158241

[3] Cichorek, M., Wachulska, M., Stasiewicz, A., & Tymińska, A. (2013). Skin melanocytes: biology and development. Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postȩpy Dermatologii I Alergologii30(1), 30–41. doi:10.5114/pdia.2013.33376