Series: Changes in your skin as you age: The 50s
As you age, your skin undergoes several natural changes, including a reduction in collagen, elastin and moisture that leads to fine lines and wrinkles. In your 50s, you may also start to see age spots and sagging skin. Though you can’t reverse these age-related skin changes, it’s not too late to improve your skin’s health and appearance through proper skincare.
Changes in your skin in your 50s:
Collagen and elastin levels continue to decline, leading to wrinkles and loss of elasticity. Skin becomes looser, leading to sagging and drooping of the face, neck and décolletage. Skin continues to become thinner, leading to dryness and fragility. Hyaluronic acid, found in the dermis, is decreasing. The amount of hyaluronic acid starts to diminish as early as your 40s, and this loss, along with a compromised barrier layer in the epidermis, is most likely the cause of skin dehydration.
Challenges to healthy skin:
Menopause. Decreased estrogen levels lead to:
- Reductions in the production and repair of collagen and elastin, leading to loss of skin elasticity and wrinkles.
- Decreased blood flow through the dermal capillaries. Fewer nutrients reach the epidermis, leading to thinning of the epidermis, slower cell turnover rate and a reduction in the barrier function of the epidermis. These changes lead to increased water loss and dry skin. Skin cells have 30 percent less natural moisture.
- Redistribution of fat. Fat deposits are redistributed to the abdomen, thighs or buttocks. The resulting loss of supportive fat below the skin of the face, neck, hands and arms causes sagging wrinkles.
- Increased melanin (skin pigment) production in areas of the skin that have been exposed to UV rays over the years. This leads to brown age spots on the face, neck, arms, hands and chest.
- Increased inflammation. Estrogen has an anti-inflammatory nature. With less estrogen, skin is more reactive and vulnerable to damage from sun, smoke and pollution. Rosacea may worsen.
- Adult acne. Without the masking effect of estrogen, testosterone stimulates the secretion of thicker sebum, giving the appearance of oily skin and the tendency toward adult acne in some women.
Wear sunscreen. Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher, such as Skinfuse Zinc Oxide 21%, even when it’s cloudy or you’re inside.
Moisturize. Use a rich moisturizer on your face, neck and décolletage (including your breasts). Choose a product with hyaluronic acid, redness-reducing niacinamide and skin barrier-supporting ceramides, such as Skinfuse Reclaim Hydrating Support.
Prevent dehydration. To prevent your skin from losing precious moisture:
- Don’t use harsh, drying soaps.
- Reduce the temperature of your bath or shower.
- Wash your face only at night.
Reduce inflammation. Inflammation is occurring in your skin, whether or not you see redness. To reduce inflammation, avoid irritating chemicals in your skincare products. Limit your exposure to the sun. Limit your intake of caffeine and alcohol.
Increase circulation. Your skin cells rely on blood flow to deliver nutrients and remove toxins. If your microcapillaries aren’t delivering enough nutrients, your skin will look tired and dull. To increase circulation, gently massage your face while applying a facial scrub or moisturizer.
Choose non-irritating skincare products that include these ingredients:
- Vitamin A (retinol). Vitamin A (retinol) diminishes the signs of aging by promoting skin cell turnover, thickening the skin and decreasing collagen breakdown. Dermatological research has found that topical vitamin A improves acne, wrinkling, brown spots, rough spots and pre-cancerous skin conditions. In your 50s, you may need to use a prescription retinol (retinoic acid or Retin-A) or increase the concentration. Skinfuse Surge 1 Collagen Boost specifically contains retinyl safflowerate (vitamin A) to help improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
- Calming extracts. White tea, chamomile and licorice extracts, ingredients in Skinfuse Fortify Vita C Serum, reduce inflammation and soothe your skin.
How micro-needling can help:
The SkinPen micro-needling procedure can help to improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles by assisting in your skin’s natural ability to remodel existing collagen and elastin. SkinPen’s procedure can be tailored to your skin’s needs and has minimal side effects, so it’s appropriate for most skin types.
Contact your SkinPen provider, schedule a SkinPen micro-needling procedure and start improving your skin’s health and appearance today!